Taping is thought to have more of a neuro-physiological effect versus a actual mechanical effect on tissues. K-tape can benefit patients due to increased proprioception and increased postural stability. Taping can also affect blood circulation to the area by providing continuous stimulation to the skin and subcutaneous tissues.
When we have a sore area what do we do? Generally we rub it.
The tactile pressure and stimulation of the receptors in our skin make us feel better. The tape provides gentle tissue-sheering all day therefore providing a beneficial analgesic effect on the area. In addition, the tape gives us feedback to prevent painful and/or improper posturing. Tape can also be used to facilitate a muscle, inhibit a muscle or provide structural support to the joint.
Depending on the goal of the physio, k-tape will be applied with a muscle in a stretched or shortened position, and different tension is applied on the tape during application. Many areas or body parts can be treated effectively with this tape. Taping an unstable ankle can increase reaction time and help with rehabilitation and prevention of re-injury.
Taping a shoulder can help with posture correction and awareness. The tape can help facilitate or inhibit muscles as deemed necessary by the therapist. The stretchy qualities of the tape will allow full range of motion and stimulate proprioceptive rehabilitation of weak muscles.
Back pain can also be effectively treated using this taping technique. Tape can provide an analgesic effect by stimulation of receptors in the skin as well as helping the client by providing feedback when the client goes into a poor position or incorrect posture. The tape can inhibit over-reactive muscles causing us pain including levator scapulae, trapezius, paraspinal and erector spinae muscles.